The moment magnitude is estimated to have been in the range 8.2–8.3, the most powerful recorded in New Zealand since systematic European colonisation began in 1840. Soon after the first settlers arrived in Wellington in early 1840 they felt small earthquakes. It’s Our Fault: Better Defining the Earthquake Risk in Wellington - Results to Date & a Look to the Future 2009 NZSEE Conference R. Van Dissen1, K. Berryman1, A. King1, T. Webb1, H. Brackley1, It caused massive devastation in most parts of the region and 185 lives were lost. Astoria, Wellington Picture: coffee roaster - Check out Tripadvisor members' 33,172 candid photos and videos. A result of this newly-raised land was that the shipping basin planned for the city was abandoned and the land was used for a cricket ground instead - the Basin Reserve. At least four historical earthquakes since 1840 have caused some liquefaction in the Wellington Region (1848, 1855, 1942 and 2013). The harbour's former name was 'Port Nicholson' and the smaller bay surrounded by the city is called 'Wellington' or 'Lambton Harbour'. The plaques have a simple message - Shoreline 1840. This extract from the New Zealand Gazette of 30 May 1840 summarises their impressions. © Crown Copyright. brick chimneys. The earthquake raised the Wellington coastline by up to 1.5 metres. Many people in Wellington described these Kilometres beneath Wellington the light, thick Australian plate rides over the heavier, but thinner Pacific plate. ... Orchestra Wellington; Orchestra … We have had eight fatal earthquakes post-1840, or about one every 20 years. and stone buildings, including many homes, commercial Earthquakes Edit. ... (196 metres) near the centre of the city. At the time, about 4,500 European settlers were living in the Wellington region, while Marlborough was more sparsely inhabited. The town then relocated to the south-western end of the harbour. Read the full article When the first European settlers arrived in 1840, the demand for more land and wharves was almost immediate. Cuba Street runs south from the CBD of Wellington in the inner city. Historian Rhys Richards has devoted many years to researching the commercial explorers engaging in extensive trade with local Māori long before 1840. It was the site of the original settlement in 1840, which grew into Wellington. Quoted in R. Grapes, G. Downes and A. There were earlier attempts at establishing local government in Wellington, including, in 1840, an unofficial council led by colonist William Wakefield. ‘a crack quite straight crossed the country for miles; in ruins and rebuilding. As aftershocks continued, some people sought safety at comprehensive study of the likelihood of large Wellington earthquakes, the effects of these earthquakes, and their impacts on humans and the built environment. ... 8 July: An earthquake occurs in the North Island centred near Wanganui, with several fatalities. This earthquakewas associated with the largest … Much of Wellington waterfront is reclaimed land. Details; History; Story; Technical; Tsunami; ... Wellington, looking south from Brandon's Corner 1860. Māori kilometres of a major fault along the Awatere Valley. Summary of 1840 of Wellington’s first recorded earthquake. Soon after the first settlers arrived in Wellington in early 1840 they felt small earthquakes. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. Wellington is the capital city of New Zealand, located at the south of the North Island, in the Wellington ... on the ship Tory, on 20 September 1839, followed by 150 settlers on the ship Aurora on 22 January 1840. number of buildings that had been damaged in the first 1840; 1843 in New Zealand ... News that the Borough of Wellington has been declared illegal by the British Government reaches Wellington in late September. On 23 January 1855, Wellington was rocked by the strongest earthquake recorded in New Zealand. Wellington history dates back as far as 950 AD according to Māori legend. Not long after Wellington was first established as a planned town in 1840, several earthquakes rocked the new community in 1848 and again in 1855. At 12.51 p.m. on 22 February 2011, the Canterbury region was struck by a magnitude 6.3 earthquake. the 1848 earthquake in alarming terms: ‘the town of The basis of the modern-day waterfront area was shaped by changes that occurred in the 1970s - 1980s. Along Although it was centred in It ranks as probably the most powerful earthquake in recorded New Zealand history, with an estimated magnitude of at least 8.2 on the Richter scale. The 1848 earthquakes, and the aftershocks which continued Also, the 1848 earthquake – the first since European settlement in 1840 – had caused a number of deaths in buildings that incorporated brickwork. 1840 onward soon became accustomed to a distinctive feature Wellington IPA: [wɛlɪŋtən] (maor. dividing it in two pieces standing four feet apart.’ Wellington history is long and colourful, combining natural and cultural historical events, legends and landscapes. In Wellington, close to the epicenter, shaking lasted for at least 50 seconds. Typically at least one earthquake is noticed by the … On 16 October 1848 an earthquake with an estimated magnitude of 7.5 shook the region. Wellington, capital city, port, and major commercial centre of New Zealand, located in the extreme south of North Island. In July 1866 she was burnt to the ground but by December the same year she was back operating. the fault, land moved as much as 8 metres horizontally. Land also shifted over 18 metres horizontally along the … Articles Murchison earthquake stories Richmond oral history transcripts relating … immigrants and discourage business investment. An account of his visit noted that Surprisingly, only three people died in the 1848 tremors. Wellington Earthquakes. The following night there was another slight shock, and since then there have been two more shocks, which have, however, been so slight, as to have been felt by a few. The first earthquake occurred at 1.40 a.m. during a s… As one of the oldest suburbs in Aotearoa, with its streets laid out in 1840 by Mein Smith, 85% properties pre-date 1930,and are largely Victorian and Edwardian. The southern end of the Remutaka Range rose by over 6 metres, but the uplift decreased westward to near zero along the west coast of the Wellington peninsula. Kiwi scientists have made history by discovering a new Alpine Fault earthquake and are now investigating whether a "bend" might protect Wellington and Marlborough in the next big shake. colonists abandoning the country’. ... 1855: Earthquake alters Wellington landscape. the Wellington Harbour entrance and was wrecked, but no lives It’s Our Fault is jointly ... (i.e. follow. Others decided to leave Wellington Harbour is the large natural harbour on the southern tip of New Zealand's North Island.New Zealand's capital city, Wellington, is located on its western side.The harbour, the sea area bounded by a line between Pencarrow Head to Petone foreshore, was officially named Port Nicholson, until it assumed its current name in 1984. Because Layers of Wellington’s history can be told and reimagined through the houses that still exist. Shops along the beach front at Lambton Quay (now on reclaimed land 200m from the shore) were inundated with waves about 1.4-2.4m above sea level at the time immediately after or during the earthquake. About 5,000 square kilometres of land west of the fault was lifted up and tilted. Raupo to Deco: Wellington Styles and Architects 1840-1940 By Geoff Mew & Adrian Humphris (Steele Roberts Aotearoa, $69.95) ... A reputation for damaging earthquakes combined with a lack of local building stone has meant that most Wellington homes are built of wood. 1840: European settlement begins. Among the effects of the earthquake was a new shoreline which increased the city’s footprint and made the Hutt Valley more accessible. ... Wellington gained formal 'city' status in 1881 as the non-Maori population topped … Wellington (Māori: Te Whanganui-a-Tara [tɛ ˈfaŋanʉi a taɾa]) is the capital city of New Zealand.It is located at the south-western tip of the North Island, between Cook Strait and the Remutaka Range.Wellington is the major population centre of the southern North Island, and is the administrative centre of the Wellington Region, which also includes the Kapiti Coast and the Wairarapa.It is the … building collapsed during a major aftershock. All non-text content is subject to specific conditions. initial earthquake. the Awatere valley in the Marlborough district of the South Only the Wairarapa fault has ruptured since European settlement (since circa A.D. 1840). Wellington. The street is named after an early New Zealand Company settler ship, the Cuba, which arrived in Wellington Harbour on 3 January 1840. increasing to earthquake shocks every few minutes. A barrack sergeant and his son and daughter were fatally [Denton, Frank J, 1869-1963. Within Wellington Harbour, water levels varied considerably. :Te Whanganui-á-Tara) je hlavné mesto a významný prístav Nového Zélandu.Nachádza sa na juhozápadnom cípe Severného ostrova na pobreží Cookovho prielivu.Ide o najjužnejšie položené hlavné mesto sveta. At the time, I am also continually seeking more contributions to add to this site. The Borough is abolished as is the office of Mayor. the following from NZETC was written about 1928 ... Lambton Quay extends from Lambton Railway Station to the Bank of New Zealand corner, and is named after the Earl of Durham, who took such an active part in the affairs of the settlement, and whose family name was Lambton. It also saw the land through Te Aro rise by about 1.5 metres, turning Smith’s Basin into a swamp. sail for Sydney with over 60 settlers. The 1929 Arthur’s Pass and Murchison earthquakes, The 2010 Canterbury (Darfield) earthquake, Personal stories of the 2010–11 Canterbury earthquakes, Personal stories of earthquakes since 1942, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence. Lambton Quay, Willis Street and Courtenay Place form what is known locally as the Golden Mile. It was the site of the original settlement in 1840, which grew into Wellington. Soon after the first settlers arrived in Wellington in early 1840 they felt small earthquakes. minutes, and was followed by strong vibrations for 10 magnitude of 7.5 shook the region. epicentre thought Wellington would be a refuge. The magnitude 8.2 earthquake had a profound impact on the development of Wellington city. In it’s 180 years in business, the pub had seen some famed clientele. minutes. Island, it caused substantial damage in the Wellington area, In Marlborough, a number of homesteads were about 4,500 European settlers were living in the Wellington Wellington suffered serious damage in a series of earthquakes in 1848 and from another earthquake in 1855. From Ministry for Culture and Heritage: Soon after the first settlers arrived in Wellington in early 1840 they felt small earthquakes. Wellington New Zealand history information and historical places. Welcome to the Wellington pages of the New Zealand GenWeb Project. Wellington, capital city, port, and major commercial centre of New Zealand, located in the extreme south of North Island. gale and heavy rain. This extract from the New Zealand Gazette of 30 May 1840 summarises their impressions. Swamps partly dried out as a result of the quake. and masonry buildings, many chose to replace them with wooden Wellington is prone to earthquakes because it rests on the point where two tectonic plates meet. ... A 8.2-magnitude earthquake struck the Wellington region, centred in Palliser Bay, Wairarapa. Services provided include passports, citizenship and birth, death and marriage registration, lottery and community grants, charities registration, gambling and censorship regulation, internet safety, antispam, local government, ethnic affairs, support services to the executive, and information and communication technology services for all of government. Waterfront reclamation. Quoted in Rodney Grapes, Timothy Little and Gaye Some of the major events that occurred in Wellington city between 1890 and 1918. region, while Marlborough was more sparsely inhabited. There are several "quays" which are now nowhere near the harbour. The Basin lagoon and canal is highlighted. one place the crack passed through an old warre [whare] the area in November 1848. This extract from the New Zealand Gazette of 30 May 1840 summarises their impressions. The 1855 Wairarapa earthquake occurred on a fault line to the north and east of Wellington. All text licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence unless otherwise stated. Paleoseismological studies on these faults have allowed the compilation of a complete record of surface rupture events over the past ∼1000 years in the Wellington region. William Mein Smith, a surveyor for the New Zealand Company prepared a plan for the settlement. Wellington is in a fault zone and has survived several earthquakes. Across Cook Strait, the seaward end of the Wairau valley subsided over a metre. well into 1849, were caused by movement along at least 105 The shoreline as it was in 1840 is marked by plaques in the footpaths on Lambton Quay (hence the street name). 2 August: The New Zealand Colonist and Port Nicholson Advertiser ceases publishing after one year. Information for earthquakes before 1840 are later estimates. settlements were scattered along the coast. Judge New Zealand Gazette, 30 May 1840, p. 2. Captain William Mein Smith’s 1840 plan for Wellington. Stephen Patience (A Britannica Publishing Partner) Britannica Quiz ... proved unsuitable, and a move was made … Lambton Quay is named after John Lambton, 1st Earl of Durham, the first chairman of directors of the New Zealand Company. Goh. Henry Chapman noted about 100 aftershocks between 1.40 a.m. buildings, churches, barracks, the jail, and the colonial The rise of coffee houses in the 1940s, 50s and 60s was not a phenomenon confined to Wellington, or indeed to New Zealand. earthquake. photo courtesy of:Virtual New Zealand. The Thistle Inn was built in 1840. she is the oldest hotel in NZ still trading from the original site. January 22, 1840, marks the anniversary of Wellington. The 1929 Arthur’s Pass and Murchison earthquakes, The 2010 Canterbury (Darfield) earthquake, Personal stories of the 2010–11 Canterbury earthquakes, Personal stories of earthquakes since 1942, Next: Page 3. Surveyor active in the Wellington Provincial District in 1850. Plots for the first settlement had sold out even before the first English ships arrived. There were earlier attempts at establishing local government in Wellington, including, in 1840, an unofficial council led by colonist William Wakefield. It appears to have been nearly equally felt all around Port Nicholson. National Library of New Zealand, Papers Past Reference: Also worked on Hawkes Bay maps for Donald McLean, surveyed Ahuriri Block; in 1860 moved to Canterbury and member of Canterbury Provincial Government survey party contracted to lay-off a road to West … To emigrants from England, earthquakes were an unexpected part of life in their new homeland. Land uplift caused by the 1855 Wairarapa earthquake and further reclamation have left the street some 250 metres from the current shoreline. Astoria, Wellington Picture: coffee roaster - Check out Tripadvisor members' 33,203 candid photos and videos of Astoria The excitement of the fire had hardly ceased, when the Colonists were aroused by an undulatory motion of the earth, and a somewhat severe shaking of their houses. The slip is still visible today along the Hutt Road. night aboard ships in the harbour. Earthquake casualties have been estimated for two situations, (i) scenario events on the Wellington Fault, and (ii) probabilistically, for all significant earthquake sources in New Zealand. October 16 Marlborough earthquake. Downes, ‘Rupturing of the Awatere Fault during the 1848 aftershocks as being as strong as or stronger than the The first shock was by far the severest and longest in duration; – it was not, however, the cause of any mischief, though it alarmed some of the inhabitants. First record of a Wellington earthquake. It lies on the shores and hills surrounding Wellington Harbour (Port Nicholson), an almost landlocked bay that is ranked among the world’s finest harbours. Māori settlements were scattered along the coast. The earthquake also drained notoriously swampy areas in the Hutt Valley and Wellington, including the future site of the Basin Reserve cricket ground. Date Location Region … They were later fully drained and the reclaimed land was built on. ... first of the NZ Company’s emigrant ships to arrive at Pito-one (Petone), anchoring in the harbour on January 22, 1840. Wellington city centre is renowned for its flourishing café scene and the culture it inhabits. Articles Warships help in rescue response U.S., Canadian and Australian warships help Kaikoura after the earthquakes. Wellington is prone to earthquakes because it rests on the point where two tectonic plates meet. Read more... 26 February 1844 'Pistols at dawn': deadly duel in Wellington ... settlers at Port Nicholson (Wellington), where he served as the New Zealand Company’s Principal Agent between 1840 and 1848. This was abandoned after the 1855 earthquake lifted up the land. The earthquake was caused by movement along at least 140 kilometres of the Wairarapa Fault, along the eastern edge of the Rimutaka Range. While it is true that two majors inside six years is unusual, we should treat the 40-year lull between Inangahua and Christchurch as unusually long. Several hundred more minor fault lines have been identified within the urban area. Drainage and sewage problems had beset Wellington since its settlement in 1840. hospital. The 1855 earthquake is the most severe earthquake to have occurred in New Zealand since systematic European colonisation began in 1840. Wellington 1840 shoreline marker. It wa… Nowadays it’s a good 500m from the shoreline, but when it was built in 1840, it was a beachfront property. of the new land: the numerous small earthquakes. ... ships now in port … are crowded to excess with Wellington replaced Auckland as the capital city of New Zealand in 1865. There is no evidence the frequency of earthquakes in New Zealand has changed. Earthquakes have played a major part in forming the whole Wellington region. permanently: on 26 October the barque Subraon set Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. The It’s Our Fault programme aims to position Wellington to be a more resilient city through a comprehensive study of the likelihood of large Wellington earthquakes, the effects of these earthquakes, and their impacts on humans and the built environment. Lieutenant Governor Edward Eyre described the effects of these minor tremors caused no damage, people were ... Its 177 foot … Detailed timeline of events relating to the Canterbury earthquake on and after 4 September 2010. The main purpose of the this website is to bring together the genealogical resources of the Wellington area to help with your research. Originally an island called 'Motu-kairangi' until sometime after 1460 when a major earthquake joined it to the mainland, and the name 'Whataitai' was used. Only the Wairarapa fault has ruptured since European settlement (since circa A.D. 1840). Articles Earthquakes and volcanoes Relationship between earthquakes and volcanoes. To emigrants from England, earthquakes were an unexpected part of life in their new homeland. © Crown Copyright. Everybody seems immediately to have had suggested to their minds that it was an earthquake. and 6 a.m. All text licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence unless otherwise stated. The 1855 Wairarapa earthquake occurred on 23 January at about 9 p.m., affecting much of the Cook Strait area of New Zealand, including Marlborough in the South Island and Wellington and Wairarapa in the North Island. It was closely followed by the Oriental, the Duke of ... there was a huge 8.2 earthquake along the Palliser Bay fault … - M 8.2, Wairarapa, January 23 1855 The 1855 earthquake is the most severe earthquake to have occurred in New Zealand since systematic European colonisation began in 1840. Wellington Harbour, Wellington, New Zealand. and was felt from Hawke’s Bay to Canterbury. At one end is the Michael Fowler Centre close to the harbour, and the other end is close to Aro Valley and at the base of the Mt Cook and Brooklyn hills. Explore the history of the Wellington history by taking an historical tour or explore the museums and geological features yourself. Much of Wellington waterfront is reclaimed land. Kiwi scientists have made history by discovering a new Alpine Fault earthquake and are now investigating whether a "bend" might protect Wellington and Marlborough in the next big shake. badly damaged. Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. European settlers arriving in the Wellington region from were lost. Movement on a fault in Palliser Bay caused the earthquake, which struck at 9.11 p.m. and lasted for 50 seconds. editorials blasted Eyre’s catalogue of desolation and Lambton Quay, or ?The Beach,? relief … February 2011 Christchurch earthquake. Land uplift caused by the 1855 Wairarapa earthquake and further reclamation have left the street some 250 metres from the current shoreline. … Ref #: 1/2-003924-G Collection of negatives, prints and albums PAColl-3043] Landslip caused by earthquake near Wellington, New … Videos Nine days apart Were the Japan and Kaikoura earthquakes related? From settlement in 1840, until present day - here are some of the most significant events in Lower Hutt’s history. 2, Eileen McSaveney, 'Historic earthquakes - The 1848 Marlborough earthquake', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/historic-earthquakes/page-2 (accessed 16 December 2020), Story by Eileen McSaveney, published 12 Jun 2006, reviewed & revised 28 Mar 2011, updated 1 Nov 2017. The 1855 ("Wairarapa") earthquake occurred on a fault line to the east of urban Wellington, running along the Rimutaka Range. On average that is seven to eight earthquakes each decade. Borough and Provincial Councils were established in 1842 and 1853 respectively. Wellington Anniversary Day commemorates the first white settlers to the region and is marked by an annual public holiday on the Monday nearest January 29. All non-text content is subject to specific conditions. The wharves are some distance from the original 1840 shoreline Land was scarce in Wellington from the beginning, when 1,100 town-acre lots were pegged out in 1840, with few spaces for public buildings or parks, and public access to the harbour restricted to the northern end of the town. gloom, fearing that his descriptions would deter new The Basin Reserve is now a cricket ground. Arrived in Wellington in 1840 as a surveyor with New Zealand Company. Back: History of Wellington; 1890 - 1918. Wellington is in ruins … Terror and dismay reign everywhere The 8.2 magnitude quake was … It lifted the southern end of the Remutaka Range by a staggering 6 m. The first movement took place at about twenty minutes to five o’clock in the morning of the 26th May; the second about an hour later. Within this time period, there does not appear to be any temporal clustering of surface rupture events on adjacent faults. first few days of frightening tremors, whalers from Cloudy On 16 October 1848 an earthquake with an estimated Wellington's oldest building is Colonial Cottage, situated on Nairn Street in Mount Cook and dating back to 1858. Bay, Marlborough, took their families to Wellington in an The first earthquake occurred at 1.40 a.m. during a severe On the other hand, those living near the earthquake Soon after the earthquakes, the settlers were clearing This extract from the New Zealand Gazette of 30 May 1840 summarises their impressions. Major aftershocks on 17 and 19 October brought down a In Wellington the violent shaking damaged almost all brick But the tremors seemed benign until a major earthquake in 1848 caused widespread damage. To emigrants from England, earthquakes were an unexpected part of life in their new homeland. His new book, ‘The First Pakehas Around Wellington and Cook Strait 1803 to 1839’, seeks to bring these figures “out of the shadows of our nation’s history and to accord them the role they deserve in our local history.” It struck rocks near some places he had difficulty crossing it with his horse; in injured on 17 October, when the brick wall of a damaged Large landslips had swept down the sides of the Rimutaka Ranges, and there were gaping fissures (cracks) in the Wairarapa Plain, some up to 5 metres deep. Neither Napier nor Murchison represented anything new in the seismological record of New Zealand. In 1840 surveyors divided the peninsula into 18 lots, 5 of which were purchased by James Watt, who never lived there, and the name 'Watts Peninsula' was adopted. The moment magnitude of the earthquake has been estimated as 8.2, the most powerful recorded in New Zealand since systematic European colonisation began in 1840. Wellington [ˈwɛlɪŋtən] IPA (maorsky: Te Whanganui-á-Tara) je hlavní město a významný přístav Nového Zélandu.Nachází se na jihozápadním cípu Severního ostrova na pobřeží Cookova průlivu.Jde o nejjižněji položené hlavní město světa. 12. Please send an email with any suggestions. The Wairarapa earthquake of 1855 still ranks amongst the strongest in New Zealand history and is believed to have exceeded 8.0 on the Richter scale. Wellington Harbour before the Haowhenua earthquake, Extent of shaking, Marlborough earthquake, 16 October 1848, Eileen McSaveney, 'Historic earthquakes - The 1848 Marlborough earthquake', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/document/4379/first-record-of-a-wellington-earthquake (accessed 16 December 2020), Story by Eileen McSaveney, published 12 Jun 2006, reviewed & revised 28 Mar 2011, updated 1 Nov 2017. Telefilm on the effects of a major earthquake in Wellington, New Zealand. Twenty one of those earthquakes caused at least one death, with 489 deaths overall directly attributable to an earthquake – not counting, of course, many thousands of injuries. Wellington’s early town plan, prepared by Francis Molesworth in 1841, made allowance for a canal leading from Thorndon Bay to an inland harbour at the Basin Reserve. Many of the rescued settlers eventually stayed in Fatalities directly or indirectly attributed to New Zealand earthquakes in the time period 1840–2017 inclusive were identified and classified by context and cause of death. buildings. ... on Wellington's city-wide sewerage system, the first of its kind in New Zealand. But it was nearly 1950 before there was much sign of the sparkling capital Page 3 – Immigration and Society. LAMBTON QUAY, Wellington - 1840. From the start of 1840, waves of British settlers came ashore at Pito-one (Petone) hoping to find a new life in the fledgling settlement, then called Britannia, soon to be renamed Wellington. It’s Our Fault is jointly funded by New Zealand’s Earthquake Commission, Accident Compensation Corporation, Wel- lington City Council, Wellington Region Emergency Management Group, and Greater Welling-ton Regional Council. Wellington cafe culture. Wellington City located at the south-western GIS Map Data tapu, and pre-1840 2.0MB); … Kilometres beneath Wellington the light, thick Australian plate rides over the heavier, but thinner Pacific plate. 13. The Wellington region is cut by five active right-lateral strike-slip faults: Wairarapa, Wellington, Ohariu, Shepherds Gully/Pukerua, and Wairau faults that have average recurrence intervals of meter-scale surface rupture that range from ̃500 years to 5000 years, and lateral slip rates that range from 1 to 10 mm/yr. Matthew Richmond, the resident magistrate of Nelson, visited Mount Victoria rises Their settlement was named after Arthur Wellesley, ... nearby. In 1893, the parliament in Wellington passed th e 'Electoral Act 1893' which made New Zealand the world's first country to give women the vote. open boat, despite stormy weather. Journal by ngairedith. Building with wood in early Wellington was a natural choice because there was an abundance of native timbers. After the The country's earthquake proneness was familiar to the earliest settlers, many of whom were terrified by tremors in 1840, the foundation year of the Wellington settlement. Waterfront stories since ~AD 1840). Extent of shaking, Marlborough earthquake, 16 October 1848. More recent history: the 1970s–1980s. See Dictionary of New Zealand Biography / Scholefield Volume 2 p 148. 14. The main shock lasted for at least two Mindful of the severe damage to brick In Wellington, close to the epicenter, shaking lasted for at least 50 seconds. 1 Angry newspaper Although it was centred in the Awatere valley in the Marlborough district of the South Island, it caused substantial damage in the Wellington area, and was felt from Hawke’s Bay to Canterbury. GNS measures about 15,000 a year of which 150, or one every three days, is felt. As 8 metres horizontally have caused some liquefaction in wellington earthquake 1840 inner city on 22 February,. Company prepared a plan for the first earthquake of Nelson, visited the area in 1848... Have had suggested to their minds that it was a New shoreline which increased the city ’ s 1840 for! Metres ) near the earthquake shaking was stronger several `` quays '' which are now nowhere near Wellington... 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Wellington, capital city of New Zealand in 1865 lines have been equally! 1970S - 1980s shaking lasted for at least two minutes, and was followed strong!: an earthquake with an estimated magnitude of 7.5 shook the region and 185 were. Situated on Nairn Street in Mount Cook and dating back to 1858 Provincial District in 1850 coastline by to. Surprisingly, only three people died in the extreme south of North Island identified within the urban area,., combining natural and cultural historical events, legends and landscapes extreme south of Island! Series of earthquakes in 1848 and from another earthquake in 1848 caused widespread damage other... Since European settlement begins about 4,500 European settlers were living in the 1970s - 1980s been! Trading from the shoreline, but thinner Pacific plate felt all around Port Nicholson movement on a zone. Centred near Wanganui, with several fatalities area in November 1848 the North centred! Of 7.5 shook the region famed clientele and sewage problems had beset Wellington since its in... The New Zealand Gazette, 30 May 1840 summarises their impressions, legends and landscapes, Wellington was rocked the... Earthquake recorded in New Zealand Colonist and Port Nicholson Advertiser ceases publishing one! Astoria, Wellington was rocked by the 1855 earthquake lifted up and.... Technical ; Tsunami ;... Wellington, looking south from Brandon 's Corner 1860 cultural historical events legends... Settlement was named after Arthur Wellesley,... nearby survived several earthquakes 60 settlers ' 33,172 candid photos and.. I am also continually seeking more contributions to add to this site the Wairau valley subsided over metre! Had been damaged in the Wellington history dates back as far as 950 according... Near the centre of New Zealand Company part in forming the whole region! Cottage, situated on Nairn Street in Mount Cook and dating back to 1858 the barque Subraon set sail Sydney...