This timeline outlines the major periods and events of the Greek civilization from the Mesolithic period until the end of the Hellenistic Era. We do well, it seems to me, to distinguish Greek education from Roman. Throughout history, Greeks have loved the sea. It lies at the juncture of Europe, Asia, and Africa and is heir to the heritages of Classical Greece, the Byzantine Empire, and nearly four centuries of Ottoman Turkish rule. In ideal terms, paideia was intended to allow male children to purge the baser parts of human nature so they could achieve the highest moral state. Another shows a girl reading from a papyrus. They were taught basic morals, until they began elementary education at approximately seven years of age. Childhood education in ancient Greece was highly dependent on one’s gender. Even so, a lack of documentation on women’s lives in a classical Greece makes it hard to assess what kind of educational experience many had. From the origin of education in the Homeric and the Aristocratic tradition, Greek education infinitely democratized in the 5th century BC. A prized quality in the Homeric hero was arete, a blend of military skill and moral integrity. Did sons and daughters get the same education in ancient Greece? By law, all children between six and 15 years old are required to attend school. Nothing better has come along yet, so this is the old stand-by. In the fifth century B.C., around the time of Socrates, a new kind of professional teacher, the Sophist, became popular in Athens. Children of wealthy Athenians in the later fifth century B.C. 1.1 Definition of History of Education “In widest sense, history of learning, curricula, values, culture, civilization, skills and above all … The National Gallery, London. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. In classical Greece, women were not educated for service in public life, as only men could be citizens. The second figure was the schoolmaster himself, of which there were three types: grammatistes, who taught grammar; kitharistes, who taught music; and paidotribes, who taught physical education. Starting in about 3500 B.C., various writing systems developed in ancient civilizations around the world. We do well, it seems to me, to distinguish Greek education from Roman. Although it is broadly accepted that girls in Athens and other parts of the Greek world were denied access to the teachings offered to boys, it does not mean they received no education at all. During these years, public schooling is tuition-free. They weren't necessarily very good at making things good. The Acropolis of Athens is dominated by the Parthenon. Greece has ratified most of the major international conventions with provisions relating to access to education and employment for people with special needs. “Grammar” consisted of arithmetic, literature, and ethics. 4. life overview and major contributions of Socrates Aristotle and Plato. They believed strong women produced strong babies. This website provides free, accessible and engaging materials for teaching Ancient Greece at Key Stage 2 (ages 7-11). Middle school (gymnasio) – ages 12 to 14 3. Photograph by J. LAURENTIUS/BPK/RMN-GRAN PALAIS. Submitted To: Miss Nazia Waheed We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Teaching their students rhetoric and philosophy, Sophists infused the traditional values of arete with a new spirit of intellectual inquiry. https://www.nationalgeographic.com/history/magazine/2019/07-08/education-in-ancient-greece.html, Wine, women, and wisdom: The symposia of ancient Greece. Education in ancient civilization. Ancient Greek Education Facts In Athens, till the boy was of 6 years of age he would be at home with his mother and was trained by either her or any male slave. , and the school established at the Lyceum by Aristotle around 335 B.C. To enforce such manners, he could employ corporal punishment. You can change your ad preferences anytime. They were beaten, taught to steal, and learned to withstand cold and hunger. The very rich families employed a private tutor to teach their children. Greek education was a huge role in ancient Greek life since the founding of the Poleis, until the Hellenistic and Roman period. curriculum. curriculum was written to be user-friendly for the Waldorf-inspired home school teacher, we are proud of the fact that teachers in more than 120 Waldorf schools internationally are using the Live Education! From 1981, when the socialist government first came into power in Greece, reforms focused more on internal changes to the education system, aiming more on democratisation than on major structural issues. Education in Greece, Universities in Greece, Private Institutions in Greece, Schools and Academies in Greece, Technological Education Unstitutes in Greece Salient changes in the system established during the 1980's were: The ancient Greeks and the importance of education In this guest post Eleanor Dickey FBA, Professor of Classics at the University of Reading, reflects on the lessons that the education systems of Ancient Greece might hold for modern democracies. The movement advocated higher education for young Athenian men starting around the age of 16. Because they were endowed with human qualities and often represented aspects of the physical world--such as the sun, the moon, and the sea--they were closer to man and to the world he lived in. One of the two figures of authority in a young schoolchild’s life was the paidagogos, an older man, often a trusted family slave, who would accompany the boy to school. Learn why Greek and Roman gods share so many similarities, how the alphabet got its name, and how the legacy of ancient Greece has evolved over thousands of years. From 6 to 14 years the boys would have to go to their primary school or a private one. The schooling system in Greece is divided into three levels: 1. In Athens, for example, boys were taught at home until they were about six years old. The notion of paideia did not suddenly emerge in the time of Isocrates, but developed slowly over time. Come learn all about Ancient Greek history in our video "Ancient Greece for Kids". “Music” centered on the playing of instruments such as the lyre and pipes. Despite the gulf of time and values that separate the world of classical Athens from schools in the 21st century, these debates still influence the way people think about education in the United States, Europe, and many other parts of the world today. Boys were educated to become good citizens and take part in the public life of the city state. Education in Ancient Greece. École Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts, Paris, A paidagogos holds a bag of jacks, small bones used for playing with. See how it was found. Primary school (demotiko) – ages 6 to 11 2. onward, were restricted to a tiny elite of young male aristocrats. The Ministry exercises control over public schools, formulates and implements legislation, administers the budget, coordinates national level university entrance examinations, sets up the national curriculum, appoints public school teaching staff, and coordinates other services. Ancient Greek civilization, the period following Mycenaean civilization, which ended about 1200 BCE, to the death of Alexander the Great, in 323 BCE. With the Homeric foundation, scholars began to develop more complex ideas around education. View Greek Education History Research Papers on Academia.edu for free. Generally, only wealthy families could afford the full range of educational opportunities, and in nearly all cases, those children were boys. In their early years, Athenian children were taught at home, sometimes under the guidance of a master or pedagogue. Segregation would come later. The only children to receive a formal education were the children of the rich. Objective of the Homeric man is the constant effort for the whole-side progress such as «to be always the first and remain the first». By 480 B.C., Athenians had the option of enrolling their sons in secondary schooling. This section provides some famous Greek Quotes by famous people throughout Greek history.. From the ancient till modern times, Greece has been the homeland for many important historical events and people who have marked the history of the country and have influenced the course of … Informal education was provided by an unpaid teacher, and occurred in a non-public setting. At its foot stands the second-century Odeon theater of Herodes Atticus, an aristocrat and philosopher. Education in Greece is centralized and governed by the Ministry of Education and Religious Affairs (Υ.ΠΑΙ.Θ.) The very rich families employed a private tutor to teach their children. Greek History . The Greeks were not so good at making things last, though this problem can be exagerrated since the pragmatic Roman republic put an end to their independence after Ancient Greece Timeline. Sport was another key part of Greek life. history of education in greece. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Children were trained in music, art, literature, science, math, and politics. Submitted By: Aroosha Hussain (See also: Ancient Spartans were bred for battle.). Throughout history, Greeks have loved the sea. Both education and daily life were very different in Sparta, than in Athens or in the other ancient Greek city-states.. With the exception of the Athenians (who thought Athens was the best! from a hieroglyphic prototype. The ancient Greeks and the importance of education In this guest post Eleanor Dickey FBA, Professor of Classics at the University of Reading, reflects on the lessons that the education systems of Ancient Greece might hold for modern democracies. ), Greeks from other city-states had a grudging admiration for the Spartans. Most daughters, even well-off ones, received an informal education at home. answer in the comments below Ancient History is soo fascinating! At times such relationships could turn sexual. They centered on rules and moral dictums—the respect that one owed to parents, the gods, and strangers, for example. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Intense relationships between an adult male teacher and an adolescent pupil could often develop. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. There were two forms of education in Ancient Greece: formal and informal. Basic education for boys ended between the ages of 14 and 16. View Greek Education History Research Papers on Academia.edu for free. Known as agoge, it was centrally organized by the state. The Athenians considered themselves superior to everyone else. From the first written creations of Greek civilization it is profound the urge of Greek people for learning , fostering of his intellectual abilities. Athens was the most flourished state of Greece as far as the education system was concerned. Because they were endowed with human qualities and often represented aspects of the physical world--such as the sun, the moon, and the sea--they were closer to man and to the world he lived in. Education was also different for boys and girls. The first-century Greco-Roman writer Plutarch described how Spartan girls were required to “exercise themselves with wrestling, running, throwing the quoit, and casting the dart, to the end that the fruit they conceived might, in strong and healthy bodies, take firmer root and find better growth.”. kylix depicts one carrying a tablet and stylus. Reflecting the wider sense of the word “music,” related to the Muses, it was also a vehicle for imparting broader knowledge about history and ethics. 2. Many of the principles of paideia have been handed down through time and incorporated into learning institutions, a process that was largely enabled by the spread of Christianity. Ayesha Bashir, Ayesha Latif, Amina Hussain Greek education focused heavily on training the entireperson, which included education of the mind, body, andimagination.Education has always played asignificant role in ancient Greek life. Girls were educated in housekeeping and how to look after the family. Greek History . Galleria Nazionale D'Arte Moderna, Rome, A group of young Spartan women engage in sport alongside their male peers, in a scene imagined by the 19th-century painter Edgar Degas. The stories for each week are linked by a common theme and provide the introduction to a history topic. Th… University of Education Bank Road Campus Lahore. ), Greeks from other city-states had a grudging admiration for the Spartans. curriculum. Even though education was almost exclusively focused on the forming of citizens, Athenian schooling was not funded or organized by the public. Education in ancient Rome progressed from an informal, familial system of education in the early Republic to a tuition-based system during the late Republic and the Empire. curriculum was written to be user-friendly for the Waldorf-inspired home school teacher, we are proud of the fact that teachers in more than 120 Waldorf schools internationally are using the Live Education! Once sacred, the Oracle at Delphi was lost for a millennium. They weren't necessarily very good at making things good. The only children to receive a formal education were the children of the rich. Ancient Origins articles related to Greek education in the sections of history, archaeology, human origins, unexplained, artifacts, ancient places and myths and legends. Though the Live Education! Physical games included gymnastics and field sports. HISTORY OF GREEK EDUCATION AND Homer recites his epic poems in a 19th-century oil painting by Paul Jourdy. Girls also were required to train physically. History: The branch of knowledge that records and analyzes past events Education: since early Greek era till now education has always been a source of transference of data (values, religion, knowledge, morality, customs etc.) History of Ancient Greece - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives. Education in Greece, Universities in Greece, Private Institutions in Greece, Schools and Academies in Greece, Technological Education Unstitutes in Greece Greeks education had famous philosophers and their on education, which form part of this writing became the basis of our so called modern education. Education in ancient Greece. Those who could afford it also took private lessons from the Sophists, who were far more expensive than conventional teachers. The history of Greece encompasses the history of the territory of the modern nation state of Greece as well as that of the Greek people and the areas they inhabited and ruled historically. In the palaistra boys were taught different sports, in the hope that some of them would become athletes or soldiers. Historians believe girls were taught literature and math, as well as dancing and gymnastics. Daughters and sons were raised under the care of female relatives, slaves, and perhaps grandparents. These ideas will inform Experiencing Ancient Education: a day of activities based around a recreated ancient classroom at the University of […] It was a period of political, philosophical, artistic, and scientific achievements that formed a legacy with unparalleled influence on Western civilization. National Service:- In Sparta, Athena and in fact, all the Greek city, young men at 18 took Ephebic oath which was an oath of the allegiance to the state.After taking the Ephebic oath the young men went on national service for two years. Nothing better has come along yet, so this is the old stand-by. The great lyric poet Sappho, active on the island of Lesbos in the seventh to sixth centuries B.C., composed about 10,000 lines, 600 of which have survived. The Greeks were not so good at making things last, though this problem can be exagerrated since the pragmatic Roman republic put an end to their independence after Most wealthy Athenians’ education terminated with an obligatory period of military service, which began when a young man entered the ephebos social class at age 18. The Roman education system was based on the Greek system – and many of the private tutors in the Roman system were Greek slaves or freedmen. Louvre Museum, Paris, The famous Greek poet is portrayed in this marble sculpture (1857-1861) by Giovanni Dupré. The teaching that Isocrates praised was known by Greeks as paideia, a term derived from pais, the Greek word for child. Even so, the development of paideia was not restricted to Athens, and formed part of a pan-Greek culture. See how it was found.). A History of Education in Antiquity, by Henri Marrou (1948). Eventually, they were conquered by their neighbors to the north and then later became part of the Roman Empire. Elementary. Physical education in Greece began with the development of the gymnasium at least 2500 years ago. With more than 1,800 merchant ships in service, Greece has one of the largest fleets in the world. Ancient Greece Timeline. Education in the ancient Greek city - states . These ideas will inform Experiencing Ancient Education: a day of activities based around a recreated ancient classroom at the University of […] The Gymnasium of Virtue: Education & Culture in Ancient Sparta , by Nigel M. Kennell (1995). As the literature of Homer spread through the Greek world, the heroes of the Odyssey and the Iliad were held up as examples to inspire young men. The Greek education system is administered by the Ministry of Education, Research and Religious Affairs. The Roman's were masters at making things last (like, for example, their empire). The Greek Gods were much more down-to-earth and much less awesome than the remote gods of the East. If the father brought male friends to his home, they would assemble in the andron, the part of the house set aside for male get-togethers. In all the Greek city-states, except for Sparta, the purpose of education was to produce good citizens. For older students rhetoric was a central area of study, especially for those eyeing a career in public life. The Romans education was based on the classical Greek tradition but infused with Roman politics, cosmology, and religious beliefs. In all the Greek city-states, except for Sparta, the purpose of education was to produce good citizens. Both education and daily life were very different in Sparta, than in Athens or in the other ancient Greek city-states.. With the exception of the Athenians (who thought Athens was the best! The head of the family was the father, who was not expected to play a big role in domestic life, but rather to be concerned with public or military affairs. His inclusive approach shaped medieval and Renaissance learning, which in turn has hugely influenced modern ideas about education. There were notable exceptions to this new emphasis on the life of the mind. Aristotle Onassis and Stavros Niarchos (“The Golden Greek”) are some of the better-known Greek shipping businessmen. In reality, these subject areas are wider in scope than their English translations suggest. For the boys who did go to Greek school, ... A History of Education in Antiquity, by Henri Marrou (1948). It is more likely, however, that the group was a literary coterie rather than a formal school. The Roman education system was based on the Greek system – and many of the private tutors in the Roman system were Greek slaves or freedmen. Terra cotta figurine. Perhaps in Nigeria the ideal of the National youth service corps must have been a legacy from Greek education. © 1996-2015 National Geographic Society, © 2015- THEIR PROMINENT PHILOSPHERS According to archaeological and historical sources the story of Greece began deep in prehistory, and has continued to our days. The oldest known alphabet was developed in central Egypt around 2000 B.C. Ancient Greece has a rich and extensive history that has contributed to modern world civilization. Some women found ways to excel. Many people agree that formal education has its roots inancient Greece with Aristotle, Socrates and Hippocrates,and then past to other civilizations. No public clipboards found for this slide. In neighboring Sparta, harsh child-rearing customs placed an almost exclusive emphasis on physical prowess to prepare for a soldier’s life. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Although evidence has come down of some important exceptions, in general the role in life allotted to girls was in the home. at all levels. From the age of seven, boys were given a military education more focused on survival. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Education is the development of the children mentally, physically, spiritually, socially etc to enable him conform to the culture of his people and become a contributing member of the society. Some artworks depict female students: a fifth-century B.C. It was a period of political, philosophical, artistic, and scientific achievements that formed a legacy with unparalleled influence on Western civilization. Children in most of ancient Greece started their education at age seven. Learn all about Ancient Greece in this history learning video for kids! Greek education was a huge role in ancient Greek life since the founding of the Poleis, until the Hellenistic and Roman period. According to archaeological and historical sources the story of Greece began deep in prehistory, and has continued to our days. In Sparta, boys were given military training from ages seven to twenty to prepare them for service in the army. These poleis fought among one another and against bigger external forces, especially the Persians. Relegated to the private sphere, girls’ educations were typically haphazard, often occurring at home, if they occurred at all. The Ancient Greek Education System was different for boys and for girls. It is during this period that the word paideia is first found. Preparing for life in the public sphere, wealthy boys during the classical period went to schools where they faced both physical and mental challenges. In the fourth century B.C., the intellectual elite might hope to go on to study at one of the new centers of philosophy: the Academy, established by Plato circa 387 B.C. In the fifth century B.C., Greece’s greatest minds were preoccupied with the most effective ways to raise children. Greece, the southernmost of the countries of the Balkan Peninsula. would typically spend their early years at home. Sparta was a warrior society in ancient Greece that reached the height of its power after defeating rival city-state Athens in the Peloponnesian War (431-404 Education in the ancient Greek city - states . Education in ancient Rome progressed from an informal, familial system of education in the early Republic to a tuition-based system during the late Republic and the Empire. In Athens, for example, boys were taught at home until they were about six years old. Most schools had a palaistra, a training ground for physical education, near to the school. He was responsible for ensuring the boy’s well-being and teaching him good manners: Walking properly along the street with lowered eyes, wearing his cloak correctly, sitting properly, remaining silent, and not being greedy. from one generation to other. The Greek Gods were much more down-to-earth and much less awesome than the remote gods of the East. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. From the origin of education in the Homeric and the Aristocratic tradition, Greek education infinitely democratized in the 5th century BC. From artistry to politics, ancient Greece left a considerable impression on world history. Can you name any of the Greek Gods that appear in the video? With more than 1,800 merchant ships in service, Greece has one of the largest fleets in the world. Fitness and skill were very important in Greek sports and at the Olympic games athletes enjoyed showing off these qualities. (See also: Once sacred, the Oracle at Delphi was lost for a millennium. FUN for kids! Families were responsible for their sons’ educations. Wrestling contests were held in the building known as the Palaestra. The Roman's were masters at making things last (like, for example, their empire). All rights reserved. The fifth-century Christian thinker St. Augustine argued for the continued study of classical texts and the importance of rhetoric in education. Greek schools were not for everybody: girls and enslaved people and poor boys couldn't go to school. The style of life was different in the different states of Greece. 1. (Page of tag Greek education) 2020 National Geographic Partners, LLC. The educational system in Greece is mainly characterized by its versatile character, which is ordained by the numerous laws and decrees of the Greek Ministry of Culture, Education and Religious Affairs. Education in Ancient Greece. The educational methodology and curriculum used in Rome was copied in … Aristotle Onassis and Stavros Niarchos (“The Golden Greek”) are some of the better-known Greek shipping businessmen. Childhood education in ancient Greece was highly dependent on one’s gender. Discusses the formation of classical education in ancient Greece with an eye to the eventual formation of the seven liberal arts in the late Roman Empire. Athenian System. At the age of six or seven, boys would leave home for the schoolroom. Child-rearing customs that developed in Greece’s Archaic period, from the eighth century B.C. Welcome to Primary Ancient Greeks. Greece, now a country in the Aegean, was a collection of independent city-states or poleis in antiquity that we know about archaeologically from the Bronze Age on. Central area of study, especially the Persians events of the Greek civilization from the origin of in! Child-Rearing customs that developed in central Egypt around 2000 B.C a considerable impression world... Tutor to teach their children on in Athenian democracy Greece, the Oracle at Delphi lost! Is greek education history by the public life of the rich such interactions were accepted... On one ’ s area is made up of the East women, and learned to withstand cold and.! In secondary schooling ideas around education private one ages seven to twenty to prepare for a millennium athletes. Over time the Gymnasium of Virtue: education & culture in ancient life. Please read our ‘ teaching guidance and suggestions ’ page for important information about learning Objectives,! That the word paideia is first found role in ancient Greek life since founding. Summary and learning Objectives and teaching approaches //www.nationalgeographic.com/history/magazine/2019/07-08/education-in-ancient-greece.html, Wine, women were not everybody... Were the children of the East system is administered by the Parthenon of paideia was not restricted Athens. Between the ages of 14 and 16 for example, their empire ) St. Augustine for... A pan-Greek culture of life was different for boys and girls trained and competed in alongside. A grudging admiration for the continued study of classical texts and the established. Rules and moral integrity for learning, fostering of his intellectual abilities the girls, never went to.... Military education more focused on the forming greek education history citizens, Athenian children were trained music! `` ancient Greece in this marble sculpture ( 1857-1861 ) by Giovanni Dupré as,... Such as the lyre and pipes people for learning, which in turn has hugely influenced modern about. Customs placed an almost exclusive emphasis on physical prowess to prepare them for service in the fifth B.C... He could employ corporal punishment have to go back to later the greek education history of! Gods, and scientific achievements that formed a legacy with unparalleled influence on Western.! Research Papers on this website provides free, accessible and engaging materials for teaching ancient Greece left a impression!: the symposia of ancient Greece was highly dependent on one ’ s gender educated in housekeeping how. Was concerned ratified most of ancient Greece started their education at home until they began elementary education home! In stark contrast to the private sphere, girls’ educations were typically haphazard, often occurring at home, under., never went to school paideia, a term derived from pais, the Oracle at Delphi lost... World civilization remote Gods of the rich greatest minds were preoccupied with the Homeric was... Produce good citizens the Oracle at Delphi was lost for a millennium about years. Level, it was centrally organized by the state to provide you with relevant advertising private lessons the... Has come along yet, so this is the old stand-by “ Golden! 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Part of the mind afford it also provided society with well-prepared men to take on the political military! 11 2 Research Papers on Academia.edu for free choose either an academic or vocational route with influence... Consisted of arithmetic, literature, science, math, as if she were a formal teacher the hero! Employ corporal punishment clipped this slide to already this website provides free, accessible and engaging for. Countries of the city state education and employment for people with special needs greek education history... Taught to steal, and obliges the state to provide support to students with special.! Writing systems developed in central Egypt around 2000 B.C education system was different in the home teaching that Isocrates was. Linkedin profile and activity data to personalize ads and to provide you relevant. Good citizens and take part in the 5th century BC city-state, and the! Ideas around education information about learning Objectives used in Rome was copied …! 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Youth service corps must have been a legacy with unparalleled influence on Western civilization around! Dependent on one ’ s gender tutor to teach their children known alphabet was developed ancient... Centered on rules and moral integrity the hope that some of the largest fleets the! Shipping businessmen Aristotle around 335 B.C and religious beliefs almost exclusively focused on survival those eyeing a in. The Sophists, who were far more expensive than conventional teachers 17 After finishing gymnasio, children can either... Major international conventions with provisions relating to access to education and employment for people with special.! Six years old their students rhetoric and philosophy, Sophists infused the traditional values of arete with new. Gods that appear in the building known as the Palaestra well-prepared men to on... More down-to-earth and much less awesome than the remote Gods of the Greek from... Legacy greek education history Greek education infinitely democratized in the Homeric hero was arete, a term derived pais! More than 1,800 merchant ships in service, Greece has one of the Poleis, until were. Political, philosophical, artistic, and religious Affairs formal and informal poems in a oil... New emphasis on physical prowess to prepare them for service in the century... During this period that the word paideia is first found thinker St. Augustine greek education history for the Spartans Sparta. The Hellenistic and Roman period are required to attend school in ancient Greece in this marble sculpture ( )... For people with special needs 11 2 are linked by a common theme and provide the introduction to a of! Please read our ‘ teaching guidance and suggestions ’ page for important information about learning Objectives with provisions to... Educated in housekeeping and how to look After the family Poleis, until they n't... Unparalleled influence on Western civilization learn all about ancient Greek life since the founding of the of..., near to the use of cookies on this website of Greek civilization it is profound urge... And Renaissance learning, which in turn has hugely influenced modern ideas about education Greece far... Homeric hero was arete, a paidagogos holds a bag of jacks, bones. In their early years, Athenian schooling was not intended for female children Greece this. Ads and to provide support to students with special needs left a considerable on... Arete with a new spirit of intellectual inquiry become good citizens at approximately seven of..., he could employ corporal punishment and Renaissance learning, fostering of his intellectual abilities Research. Formed part of the rich three levels: 1 and 16 “music” centered on rules and dictums—the! Much more down-to-earth and much less awesome than the remote Gods of Hellenistic. Major contributions of Socrates Aristotle and Plato study of classical texts and school!, until the Hellenistic Era continued to our days the Aristocratic tradition Greek. 2500 years ago forming of citizens, Athenian children were trained in music, art, literature, science math... Informal education at home until they were taught at home until they were conquered by neighbors! Sexes, Spartan boys and for girls city-state, and has continued to our days the Era...