This is Cerro Armazones, the selected home for the future European Extremely Large Telescope (E-ELT). The Atacama Pathfinder Experiment telescope is operated by ESO in collaboration with the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany and the Onsala Space Observatory in Onsala, Sweden. [16] The decision was preceded by the ESO Convention, signed 5 October 1962 by Belgium, Germany, France, the Netherlands and Sweden. The telescope was designed for very high long-term radial velocity accuracy (on the order of 1 m/s). | Rapport annuel 1977. High in the Atacama Desert of northern Chile, the European Southern Observatory (ESO) has built several collections of telescopes and observatories on … To the left looms the 4.1-meter Visible and Infrared Survey Telescope for Astronomy (VISTA), the largest survey telescope in operation. An extended exposure time of 26 seconds has allowed ESO Photo Ambassador Gerhard Huedepohl to record the movement of the dome, looking out through the opening from within, as the system swings into action. #, A view of the Chajnantor plateau, showing the ALMA antennas ranged across the unearthly landscape. A careful look at the central part of this object reveals not only the knots, but also many remote galaxies seen right through the thinly spread glowing gas. #, A glowing laser shines forth from the VLT, piercing the dark Chilean skies, its mission is to help astronomers explore the far reaches of the cosmos. [13], At the time, all reflector telescopes with an aperture of 2 metres or more were located in the northern hemisphere. A glowing laser shines forth from the VLT, piercing the dark Chilean skies, its mission is to help astronomers explore the far reaches of the cosmos. [133], A collection of photos and videos can be found in the ESO Public Image Gallery and Video Library. The reflection nebula Messier 78, captured using the Wide Field Imager camera on the MPG/ESO 2.2-meter telescope at the La Silla Observatory, Chile. Produced by the European Southern Observatory (ESO), this video first looks at the Big Bang and evolution of the Universe. [107] [26] As decided by the ESO council on 26 April 2010, a fourth site (Cerro Armazones) is to be home to ELT. Also in the image, to the middle left, one can see an isolated peak with a curvy road leading to its summit. A few glimpses of the landscape of Virginia, and some of the animals and people calling it home. The ESO has been in existence since 1962, and it is one of the largest centres of advanced astronomy in the world. [84][85], Despite the fact that planets seem very common in the universe they are tiny, faint objects at cosmic scales; this makes their detection difficult with current technology. This image was taken on 30 April 2010. The 24 robotic arms are visible. [59][126][127] ePOD organises exhibitions and educational campaigns, such as Venus Transit, Science on Stage and Science in School. [74] The telescopes are: APEX and ALMA are telescopes designed for millimetre and submillimetre astronomy. Using the European Southern Observatory’s Very Large Telescope (VLT), astronomers have discovered the absence of an unstable massive star in a dwarf galaxy. While the cause of this phenomenon is unknown, observers have suggested that the black hole may be spinning rapidly. These crystal-clear night skies explain why Chile is the home of not only ALMA, but also several other astronomical observatories. On the far left, a cluster of smaller 7-meter antennas for ALMA's compact array can be seen illuminated. The hill in the background is Toco, a 5600-meter mountain toward the north. Operations never stop at the most productive astronomical ground-based observatory in the world. This is Cerro Armazones, the selected home for the future European Extremely Large Telescope (E-ELT). The swimming pool inside the residence for ESO astronomers at the Cerro Paranal Observatory, photographed on September 15, 2008. Claim this business. The tiny CO2 snowflakes in the white plume have a temperature of minus 80 degrees Celsius; when they land on the mirror, which is at room temperature, they cause minuscule 'explosions' that detach the dust grains from the surface. The giant mirror acts like a high-tech "light bucket", gathering as many photons as possible and sending them to sensitive detectors. These techniques use the grid paradigm of distributed computing with seamless, transparent access to data through virtual observatories (VOs). Visible light data from the Wide Field Imager. Many billions of years old, but still sparkling brightly, NGC 2257 is a globular cluster, the name given to the roughly spherical concentrations of stars that orbit galactic cores, but are often found far out from the centers in the halo areas of galaxies. The ESO La Silla Observatory also played a role in the study of supernova SN 1987A. HARPS (the High Accuracy Radial-velocity Planet Searcher) has allowed the discovery of a number of planets with masses below that of Neptune orbiting nearby stars. Even with a partial array of antennas, ALMA is more powerful than any previous telescope at these wavelengths, giving astronomers an unprecedented capability to study the cool Universe -- molecular gas and dust as well as the relic radiation of the Big Bang. La Silla, located in the southern Atacama Desert 600 kilometres (370 mi) north of Santiago de Chile at an altitude of 2,400 metres (7,900 ft), is the home of ESO's original observation site. Contact. La Silla Observatory is an observatory in Chile with eighteen telescopes that study the stars. #, Work takes place on one of the ESO's 12-meter radio telescopes in the Atacama desert. These large telescopes can also work together in groups of two or three as a giant interferometer. On January 26, 1954, an ESO declaration was signed by astronomers from six European countries expressing the wish that a joint European observatory be established in the southern hemisphere. [30] The VLT's scientific discoveries include imaging an extrasolar planet,[61] tracking individual stars moving around the supermassive black hole at the centre of the Milky Way[62] and observing the afterglow of the furthest known gamma-ray burst. States, founded in 1962 might exist in the Chajnantor plateau, on October 1 2000... An Observatory in Chile and has its … European Southern Observatory – E-ELT stationed in Chile stark shadows over the! 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